The Business Standards Encyclopedia




















Conformity


Standards are vital tools of industry and trade because they promote understanding between buyers and sellers. For example, buyers may not be able to tell whether a product is suitable to meet their needs. Information on whether a product, service or system meets a particular Standard can tell a buyer about the product's safety and suitability.

In the UK we have the Kitemark scheme, which is a mark of quality and indicates that a product has been tested against a particular Standard and meets the requirements.

Standards are voluntary and not legal documents although they may be called up in legal cases. They are often linked to UK legislation or EC directives for example.

Companies that rely on conformity assessment results (for example, to know that a product they trade meets the requirements of a supplier) need to know and understand which types of conformity assessment activities were included in the process. Conformity assessment activities typically include:

inspection
testing
laboratory accreditation
certification programs and their accreditation
management system assessment/registration and accreditation
recognition of the competence of accreditation programs

In the UK, conformity assessment is regulated by UKAS (United Kingdom Accreditation Service).



MAJOR ACCREDITATION BODIES
Australia / New Zealand: JAS-ANZ
Canada: SCC
India: QCI
Ireland: INAB
Netherlands: RVA
South Africa: SNAS
UK: UKAS
USA: ANAB










 
The Major Publishers
ISO
ISO
International Standards Organization.

ISO is a global federation of over 150 national standards bodies, with headquarters in Switzerland. Through consensus it publishes standards for business, governments and consumers.

BSI
BSI
British Standards Institute

The oldest standards body in the world is still one of the biggest publishers in the world, offering over 27,000 publications and providing a range of support services.

ANSI
ANSI
American National Standards Institute

ANSI was founded in 1918 and coordinates the development and use of voluntary consensus standards in the United States.







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